cybersecurity-terms

25 Cybersecurity Terms to Know While Cyber Crime Rises Rapidly

Cybercrime calls forth cybersecurity!

With rising cybercrimes in the modern world, we have been looking for suitable and reliable solutions for them. The ever increasing criminal trolls have given security researchers sleepless nights. They are constantly putting in their best efforts to protect us from these threats. While they are working as our saviors, we too should take a step ahead and learn about most hard-hitting cybersecurity and cybercrime terms of the time.

A know-how of these terms will be a great add-on in your cyber life. These will certainly help you become proactive against cybercrime. Without delaying further, here are 25 cybersecurity terms that you must read today.

Also Read: Cyber Security: The Painful Truth

  1. Vulnerability: Vulnerability is any suspicious weakness or loop-hole in a software that can become a target for cybercrime attacks.
  1. Patch: Patch is a security vulnerability found in a program. Developers usually release small files to update and cover up the ‘patch’, hence protecting their program from the threats lurking on the internet.
  1. Zero-day attacks: Vendors apply patches in their software before they are taken into account by cybercriminals. However, if criminals happen to attack those loop holes with a piece of malware that has never been seen, before addressing the patch, it is zero-day attack.
  1. Intrusion Protection System: Intrusion Protection System is a network security within companies that look for suspicious and malicious activities in order to halt them before they deploy any exploit or take advantage of a vulnerability.
  1. Redundant data: Redundant data is replicating your data offline and keeping elsewhere. This ensures security of data when anti-virus software, patches and intrusion detection fails to keep data protected.
  1. Privacy: Privacy is securing any piece of information by keeping it hidden or making it inaccessible to network intruders.
  1. Endpoint Protection Platforms: According to Gartner, “An endpoint protection platform (EPP) is a solution that converges endpoint device security functionality into a single product that delivers antivirus, anti-spyware, personal firewall, application control and other styles of host intrusion prevention (for example, behavioral blocking) capabilities into a single and cohesive solution.”
  1. Data Loss Prevention: Data Loss Prevention (DLP) is used to describe the last action of data defense against cyberattacks. However, it is actually the strategy or software developed by security team for data protection against cybercrimes.
  1. Cyber espionage: Cyber espionage is an act of stealing secrets from one company or individual via internet. The stolen data is often used for personal, political or military gain. More often, it is infiltrating enemy network. According to Forbes, “Countries like China and Russia and groups like the Syrian Electronic Army are often accused of cyber espionage.”

Also Read: Cyber Insurance : Why You Need It

  1. Phishing: Phishing is an act of deceiving online account holders, who possess or hold any financial information, by pretending as a legitimate company. Hackers usually attach a links or attachments which serve as a virus/malware transmitter.
phishing
Images Source: pcworld

 

  1. Compliance: Real compliance is an on-going process to do everything possible to prevent security breaches and other threats.
  1. Cyber Insurance: Cyber Insurance, as a terms, is gaining popularity fast. It’s an insurance against data theft, damage or loss. More often, it is offered and taken up by big and small organizations to get cashback from the insurer when there is any sort of data loss.
  1. Active Response: Fast growing cybercrime also alerts companies to prepare for them beforehand. Active response is one of them. It’s the ability to respond to an attack as and when it took place. The response could be anything including, communication with secondary systems or collecting additional data.
  1. Botnet: Botnets is set of computer networked to deliver and attack other computers with spam or phishing emails, ransomware, spyware and similar malicious activities.
botnet- cyber security term
Image Source: pcworld
  1. Continuous Monitoring: Continuous Monitoring is constant real-time monitoring of organization and/or vendor’s network for observing and detecting potential vulnerabilities.
  1. Data Breach: Data breach is theft or compromising on data in any way. This usually includes cyber-attacks undertaken by hackers, which results to data breach of innocent users.
  1. DDoS: According to Digital Attack Map, “A Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack is an attempt to make an online service unavailable by overwhelming it with traffic from multiple sources. They target a wide variety of important resources, from banks to news websites, and present a major challenge to making sure people can publish and access important information.”
ddos
Image Source: cisco

 

  1. Encryption: Encryption is converting information contained in files into codes. More often, attackers use this as a way of attack extorting money from victims.
  1. Exploitation: Exploitation is regarded as software vulnerabilities, which help hackers transmit virus to victim’s system. Attackers use an exploit kit to identify these vulnerabilities and execute malicious code.
  1. Malware: Malware is a malicious software, use to exploit software vulnerabilities and gain access over system or data.
  1. Man-In-The-Middle (MITM) Attack: Man-In-The-Middle is a type of attack when hacker secretly alters and communicate information to two parties who believe they are directly communicating with each other.
  1. Patching Cadence: Patching Cadence include observing and determining total vulnerabilities in a system and amongst them how many are critical ones, often, needs to be addressed at the earliest possible.
patching-cadenes
Image Source: Znet
  1. Whaling: Whaling is another word for phishing and spear phishing. However, the chief differential point is the target individual, which usually an important or high-profile individual.
  1. Ransomware: Ransomware is the biggest threat of our times. Ransomware are malicious program developed to attack users and extorting money from them. It does so by encrypting their data or locking out of their system.
  1. Cloud Security: Cloud security is another form of securing data, but at cloud/ online drive that aren’t connected to the network. Cloud security provides high-end security via public and private cloud security. Its usage differs from individual to groups.

These are a few cybersecurity and cybercrime terms that are creating more space for themselves, today. Furthermore, these are sometimes misunderstood or misinterpreted. With this post, we attempt to provide you a clear know-how of these terms so these can never manipulate your system and data. Along with that, once you’ve read these terms, you should also take protective measures to fend off such threats and be more aware.

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