No country can claim to have the perfect Government. For a perfect government to run, a few key primary functions need to be undertaken. They include, maintaining trusted information about individuals, their assets & activities. Its secondary function is making available basic amenities within the perimeter of their constituencies. Unfortunately, our governments are too busy making policies shrouded in red tape and ruling over people who elected them.
Must Read: Implementing Blockchain In Education
Blockchain Technology has many advocates in the field of Media, Education and Banking Sector. In 2008, Satoshi Nakamoto may not have imagined that Democracy shall be the field where its presence would be felt. To break away from the rut of maintaining a paper trail and the long man hours that are involved, a few governments are implementing Blockchain Technology. What it does is, it records all the data on to separate nodes or blocks. These blocks hold records of each and every individual which gives them a Digital Identity. This also helps in maintaining records in case of natural calamities. The government that has successfully implemented this electronic mode of record storing can be called an E-Government. A few benefits of which are:
- It ensures greater level of efficiency and effectiveness in government activities and operations.
- Improves access of information to the common mass of people about government programs.
- It increases the government’s reach with general public leading to an improved quality of public services.
While there are many state governments, who are slowly updating themselves into adopting Blockchain, there are few who are light years ahead.
The sole, primary force behind the massive success of Blockchain Technology and its varied implementation is Estonia. This country may be small in size, but has been leaders in adapting technology and its many benefits. They were the first to not only become an E- Governance, but they are also the pioneers in updating all its precious data on to Blockchain. Its citizen benefit from easily accessible health care and avail all online facilities.
While they are now playing catch up to Estonia in terms of E-Governance, Ukraine is leaving no stone unturned in creating a secure foundation for future. They have recently announced utter transparency of their policies and are now hosting auctions for the same. They have also created on blockchain, a ‘wealth-declaration tool’ for all ministers in the cabinet. That’s a giant leap towards democracy.
Amongst the largest democracies in the world, 2 states from India are opening few sectors to implement Blockchain. Andhra Pradesh and newly formed Telangana have declared to upload all land deeds on to blockchain. India follows an ancient tradition of transferring assets to the next generation in case of a sudden death. Blockchain shall help in easy transitions without creating any hassles to the parties involved. This also helps creating a transparency in ownership so that fraudulent papers and claims can be curbed. If only all of India did it too.
While these are a few examples, there are many more Principalities and State governments who are opening their doors to technology and blockchain.
Dubai aims to update all its governance platforms on Blockchain by 2020. South Korea launched a pilot platform for e-voting from all the citizens.
All this signifies that Blockchain is slowly and steady destroying all the stereotypes in government processes. Soon, may be even in a decade, expect communicating with your local representative with a click of your smart phone.